Perianal Cellulitis

Perianal Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a common bacterial skin infection. The bacteria penetrates into deep layers which leads to an infection. The main causes are usually a cut or break in the skin. Also, Injuries and other skin conditions are major risk factors.

One of the most unpleasant places that this condition can manifest is in the anus. Moreover, it is more common in children than adults. Perianal Cellulitis involves the area around the anus.

In this article we will explain what the symptoms are. Also, we will explain the common treatment methods for this form of cellulitis.


Signs and Symptoms

The most common symptom is redness around the anus. Additionally, there may be painful bowel movements that may contain blood. But, this can be due to a multitude of causes. Thus, it is important to seek quick medical condition to allow for a proper diagnosis. Additionally, symptoms can include scratching around the anus, and general tenderness.

Perianal cellulitis

A physician will be able to rule out other causes. They can diagnose a cellulitis infection. They will ask you questions about your medical history. Also, they may perform a physical examination to confirm a diagnosis.



The main causes of perianal cellulitis are staph and staph bacteria. But, any type of bacteria can cause perianal cellulitis. These can penetrate the skin area around the anus when there are scratches or cuts.

Children may spread an infection to their anus by scratching the anal area. Also, they may do this by cleaning the area in a rough manner. In many cases, children may already have a bacterial infection. They may spread this to anus area. Generally, the condition occurs before or after a strep throat infection.


Risk Factors Prevention

The main risk factors are a lack of proper hygiene. You must carry out careful hand washing with soap to prevent the spread of infections. The common cause of this condition is due to the spreading of bacterial infections. Generally, this happens with direct contact. Thus, it is crucial to follow strict hygiene protocol.

Scratching and itching around the anus area can make it prone to infection. Thus skin conditions need proper treatment. Even minor scratching and itching around the area requires a visit to the doctor. Doctors are able to provide medication to help manage and treat skin conditions.



The treatment involves a course of antibiotics. A doctor can quickly confirm diagnosis. A common course will usually last around 10 days. Also, it is crucial to finish the course even if symptoms start to improve. Generally, there will be another appointment after a few weeks. This will confirm whether the infection has been completely cleared.

Most people will make a full recovery. But, complications can occur if immediate treatment is not given. Although, it is rare, sometimes the infection can pass into the bloodstream. This is a serious medical emergency if it happens.

You should now have a better understanding of perianal cellulitis. It is crucial to visit a doctor if you have any symptoms. Overall, the faster you get treatment, the quicker you are likely to recover.

Credit image:

Last article update: 9/4/2019