Main purpose of cellulitis treatment process is the reduction of severe infections, fast recovery, pain relief, curing the affected skin and preventing of recurrence. In most cases healing process isn’t complete without antibiotics.
Prescribed medications are used orally or intravenously depending on the severity of the affected skin area. The usual period is 10 to 14 days. In this period it is crucial to take every single pill that the doctor has prescribed, even later when you begin to feel better .Treatment for cellulitis with intravenously induced antibiotics (IV) is recommended when with a more serious infection, and in most cases lasts from 3 to 5 days.
Generally, skin and any underlying tissue treatment include schemes to prevent recurrence of inflammation (protective clothing ; covering scrapes or open cuts; practicing good skin care too). Not healing the affected area and all underlying tissue nearby could increase the chances of recurrence of infection. There are three types of treatment which help combat and prevent this common skin condition.
Depending of severity infection, cellulitis treatments can be divided in:
A) Cellulitis Self-Care Treatment At Household
A normally healthy individual is usually not hospitalized for mild or moderate cellulitis. In case of mild infection and while using antibiotics, a self-care home treatment is necessary. You need to:
▪ rest yourself, particularly the area of body involved;
▪ drink plenty of water to help prevent dehydration;
▪ elevate the region of the body affected with cellulitis. That will help decrease main symptoms of swelling and relieve irritation, specially with lower leg and arm infection ( cellulitis which affects extremities);
▪ use ”over the counter”(OTC) pain relievers Ibuprofen – (Motrin) or Acetaminophen – (Tylenol) – for pain reduction and to keep the fever down.
All this will work to ease the symptoms and speed up recovery.
Upon healing, the infected skin will begin to regenerate and the blistered areas will flake off like old skin.
B) Medical treatment for cellulitis infection
B.1.) Home care medical treatment
If infection is not too serious you can be treated at home. Your dermatologist will give you a prescription for antibiotics to take orally for 7 to 10 days. Be sure to tell your doctor about any negative reactions you may have had previously to antibiotics. If your symptoms worsen 48 hours after taking the antibiotics, or if you start to develop symptoms such as a high temperature, or vomiting, you should contact your doctor immediately.
B.2.) Hospital treatment options
If your cellulitis is especially severe, you may need hospital care (and you will need antibiotics taken intravenuously).You may be taken to hospital if:
▪ your cellulitis is severe, or rapidly deteriorating;
▪ you are very old or a very young person;
▪ your cellulitis involves extensive areas or areas close to very sensitive parts (like an infection around the eye socket);
▪ you have bad secondary symptoms, such as fever, or vomiting;
▪ your infection worsens after taking antibiotics for a couple of days;
▪ you have cellulitis on a recurring basis;
▪ you have other serious medical problems.
Important note: It is very important to take all prescribed antibiotics. Even if the inflammation seems to be gone do not stop taking the medications early. The doctor will want to see the patient after 2-3 days to check if the current infection is improving.
Surgery process is required rarely in as a part of a cellulitis treatment. An abscess, or collection of pus in the tissue, may require to be opened surgically to provide drainage. Inactive tissue may require to be cut away to allow healing.
Cellulitis treatment with medications
Oral, topical (skin applied), or IV ( intravenous) antibiotics drugs may be used for cellulitis treatment. It depends on the severity and body region involved, medicines are given in the infirmary, at household, or on both locations combined.
Prevention Of A Recurrence
Unfortunately, a high percentage of patients who receive treatment for cellulitis will develop it again (up to 50%).
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