We have spoken a lot about cellulitis, and here we will focus on breast cellulitis. Breast cellulitis is an inflammation of the skin and any underlying tissue that occurs on the breast area.
Symptoms and Signs
Symptoms of breast cellulitis take place on the infected skin (local symptoms) or on different parts of the body (systematic symptoms). Involved skin will ordinarily be: warm, red, swollen and painful to touch. Other symptoms can extend to the shoulder , back and upper arm. Low-grade fever may also follow.
In particular (but rare) cases different symptoms of breast cellulitis may appear: chills; body aches; high fever; vomiting; decreased appetite; and breast abscess( pus- filled cavity). All these symptoms can indicate a more serious case of the infection.
Like the other types of cellulitis, it is a skin infection caused by several types of bacteria, but mostly streptococcus. There are two types of cellulitis that are predominantly seen in adult females and can cause serious complications and involve breast cancer surgery or lymph node dissection.
Lymphedema cellulitis can appear on the arm as a result of ipsilateral axillary node dissection or breast surgery. Secondly, cellulitis may appear after pelvic or inguinal lymphadenectomy as a result gynecological cancer and includes changes on the skin tissue in the lower abdominal wall, upper thigh regions and inguinal region. In most cases a toxine is detected .
Medical research has shown that individuals with particular risk factors are more prone to develop breast cellulitis. Risk factors such as: breast cancer; previous lumpectomy with lymph node dissection for stage 1 and 2 of breast cancer. Risk factors are not causes of breast cellulitis infection. They do increase a chance of developing infection.
A doctor can diagnose breast cellulitis after asking a number of questions, reviewing medical history, performing a physical exam, and ordering certain blood tests. A most reliable form of diagnosing breast cellulitis requires examining the affected area. Blood test is needed in order to confirm the infection.
Treatment for Breast Cellulitis
Breast cellulitis treatments include drugs (antibiotics) and prevention. The first stage in the treatment is to start with the antibiotics. Antibiotics are given oraly or intravenously, depending on the severity of the inflammation. In case the patient is allergic to penicillin the doctor must know. If a breast abscess develops, a surgery may be needed to drain the abscess.
When cured, to avoid recurrence it is best that you avoid tight fitting clothing, needle sticks and jewelry.