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Burdock, a short biennial plant and native to Northern Europe and Siberia, is popular as gobo in Japan. However, the burdock plant is an easy growing hard plant that grows wild almost everywhere in the world.
It is part of the family Asteraceae, of the genus of Arctium. It can grow a meter in height, with broad heart-shaped leaves. In summer, one can see reddish-purple flowers that will turn into seed-heads. The deep taproots are brown with white flesh and shaped like carrots. Only two species are cultivated for their herbal parts. The flavor of the burdock root resembles one of parsnips and artichokes.
The important thing is that almost every part of the plant is used for culinary and medicinal purposes.
Health Benefits of Burdock Root
From ancient times, burdock root has been a part of traditional Chinese medicine, especially the seeds that are known under the name niubangzi. Herbalists used burdock root because dried burdock has diuretic, and blood purifying properties.
In a word, burdock is a traditional medicinal herb. The seeds were used to treat arthritis, throat pains, and the common cold. The root was a remedy for rheumatism, gout, acne, eczema, and psoriasis. It was also a popular remedy for snake bites.
Health beneficial properties
- Burdock roots, dried seeds, peeled stalks, and young shoots have antioxidant properties
- It is very low in calories (72 calories per 100 grams)
- Burdock is a good source of non-starch polysaccharides (inulin, glucoside-lappin, mucilage)
- Inulin acts as prebiotic
- Inulin helps with reducing the blood sugar level, cholesterol and weight
- All polysaccharides act as a laxative
- Burdock root is an excellent source of potassium (308 mg or 6.5% of daily-required levels per 100 g root)
- Burdock root is low in sodium level
- The root contains small amounts of riboflavin, niacin, vitamin E and vitamin C
- The plant contains minerals such as manganese, magnesium and iron
- Small amounts of zinc, calcium, selenium and phosphorus are also found in burdock
- Burdock contains a fair amount of dietary fiber (6 grams per 100 grams)
- The plant improves digestion
- Burdock root oil (known as Bur oil) is used for scalp treatments
- The taproot of young burdock plant is eaten as a root vegetable
- Burdock is very popular in macrobiotic diets
- Burdock with dandelion is a very popular healthy drink
- It is used to treat skin problems such as psoriasis, eczema, acne and skin dryness
- Burdock is one of the best blood purifiers; it can effectively expel toxic products from the blood through urine thus it is used to clear congestion in circulatory, respiratory, urinary and lymphatic systems
- Leaves and stems are an excellent appetite stimulant and good for dyspeptic complaints
- Effusion of burdock seed is good for throat and chest ailments
Burdock Root for Acne Treatment
Due to its detoxification and purifying ability, burdock cleanses the body of bile and eliminates the toxins that are the cause of skin infections.
Researchers found that burdock root has antifungal and antibiotic qualities that help fight bacteria and fungi that infect the cracked skin. Root also has diuretic properties that can eliminate impurities through the digestive tract, thus the skin becomes safe because the toxins are not expelled through it and they cannot cause the infection.
The plant increases circulation to the skin, therefore, it helps detoxify the epidermal tissue as well.
As for the dosage, traditional herbalists suggest taking burdock root in capsule form. The treatment includes 1 to 2 grams three times a day.
For acne treatment, one can also make tea with burdock and dandelion root.
Burdock Plant for Scalp Problems and Hair Growth
Bur oil is obtained by direct cold extraction and it has a mild attractive aroma that comes from the volatile root ingredients. Bur oil or burdock root extract is used to treat dandruff due to the essential fatty acids and phytosterols.
In particular, burdock root is used to treat scalp psoriasis, a chronic skin disorder that can affect the scalp, forehead, or neck. Since burdock root stimulates the digestive system and improves bile secretion, it can help with removing toxins that may trigger bouts of scalp psoriasis.
Due to the fatty acids and phytosterols, bur oil promotes hair growth. This oil supplies these compounds to hair roots, thus reduce hair thinning. It supports the normal function of sebaceous glands and hair follicles. The treatment for hair includes gentle massage into the scalp and regular usage. It is usually applied before bedtime to let stay overnight, or after the hair wash to help moisturize and nourish the scalp.
For additional benefits, one can combine it with nettle oil extract.
Burdock Root Tea
Burdock root tea is one of the easiest ways to prepare a remedy from this plant. The maximum benefits one can gain by drinking this tea three times a day. The benefits from the tea are numerous, but one of the most important is listed below.
• Burdock is a natural diuretic and is used to treat hypertension. Tea helps increase the flow of urine from the body. It can also reduce the risk of stroke and heart disease.
On the other hand, it may cause dehydration if one is not careful.
• The tea helps with lowering blood sugar levels in the body.
• The herb is an effective remedy for irritation that accompanies the premenstrual syndrome. The tea might relieve the pain.
• It helps as a remedy in different cancer treatments. However, more research should be done to approve its benefits entirely.
• Burdock tea helps treat skin irritation (acne, psoriasis, eczema, boils) when applied as a compress. If you use it in the treatment, omit any sweeteners or other flavorings.
One can make burdock root tea by steeping 2 to 6 grams of powdered or sliced burdock root in 2 cups of boiling water for 15 to 20 minutes. Lemon, honey, or sugar can be added to it.
Side Effects of Burdock
When consumed as a food, burdock has no side effects. However, it may induce an allergic reaction in those who are sensitive to daisies or ragweed.
Signs of the allergic reaction include difficulty breathing or swallowing, or facial swelling.
One should not use burdock in conjunction with other diuretics and during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
In patients that are on potassium-sparing diuretic therapy, it may aggravate potassium toxicity.
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Gladstar, R. (1993). Herbal Healing for Women. Touchstone.
Kallas, J. (2010). Edible Wild Plants: Wild Foods from Dirt to Plate. Gibbs Smith.
Malcom, J. (2008). Burdock. Yale University Press.
Wolfe, D. (2009). Superfoods: the Food and Medicine of the Future. North Atlantic Books.
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Last article update: 8/28/2019