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A bacterial skin infection which occurs on the face area is known as facial cellulitis. Named infection is ordinarily characterized with redness, swelling, heat and pain.
Risk factors include troubles in the lymphatic system, upper respiratory infections, and inflammation of the teeth or middle ear. In severe cases, symptoms may include fever, chills, irritability, and swollen , tender, warm tongue.
Treatment usually requires antibiotics and prevention of recurrence. If infection is for some reason left untreated, it can lead to serious complications.
Symptoms and signs of facial cellulitis normally close to the infected skin (local symptoms) or on other parts of the organic structure (systemic symptoms).
Common local and systemic symptoms usually include the following: fever, swelling and redness of the cheek, swollen, tender, warm tongue, irritability, itching and burning of the cheek .
Other symptoms may include: decreased appetite, chills, body aches and vomiting.
As we know, cellulitis is an inflammation usually caused by several types of bacteria. The most common bacteria that cause infection in adults are streptococcus and staphylococcus. Otherwise, the bacteria called Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) was the most common cause of facial skin condition among children.
As a result of the Hib vaccine, there is no longer a single type of bacteria that is commonly associated with this type of medical skin condition in children.
People with certain risk factors are more likely to develop facial cellulitis. Risk factors include: infection of the teeth or middle ear,upper respiratory infection and problems in the lymphatic system.
All this factors can only increase chances that a person may develop the infection, they are not causes of inflammation.
A good doctor can diagnose this common skin condition by asking a number of questions, reviewing your medical chronicle, performing a physical exam, and order certain blood exams.
The most accurate method of diagnosing is a physical examination of the affected region. An area affected with facial cellulitis are usually warm to the touch, red, painful and swollen (most common general symptoms).
Medical adviser will also search for breaks in your skin (scrapes, cuts, bruises, eczema, or other skin conditions) where bacteria could have entered. Blood test can determine if there is any indication of infection.
Treatment Options for Facial Cellulitis
Probably the best way of healing is a direct attack towards the affected area and any underlying conditions that would cause a recurrence of this infection. Treatment mostly consists of antibiotics and recurrence prevention. Treatment begins with antibiotics.
Depending on the hardness of infection, antibiotics are given either in the hospital, at household, or in a combining of these two locations.
Be sure to tell your doctor if you are allergic to penicillin.
Unfortunately, up to 30 % of individuals who receive treatment for this type of infection will experience a recurrence. Medical advisers may prescribe drugs (antibiotics) to be taken for a longer period of time for the patients who had facial cellulitis.