Humans come in contact with different types of bacteria every single day. While most of the time our immune system will prevent infection, bacteria can and sometimes will infect a certain part of the body. One such bacterial infection is caused Cellulitis. Cellulitis occurs when the deep tissues and layers of the skin.
Cellulitis often occurs near an open wound such as a burn, cut, or bite. It may also develop near an area that was recently opened from surgery or from an injury.
There is one common symptom associated with cellulitis. Cellulitis almost always starts as a small, red area of the skin. It will slowly spread to adjacent areas of the skin. As the cellulitis gets worse, it is often associated with pain, swelling, and tenderness.
Some people will experience more severe symptoms of cellulitis. If the infected area becomes large, many people will start to develop a fever. This fever often comes in combination with chills and sweats. Many people will notice that they have an altered mental state due to the fever. Sleepiness and a lack of concentration are two common complaints from those affected by cellulitis.
After the fever, swollen glands often become the next symptom of cellulitis. This is generally the final symptom and is often the most severe in nature.
In rare cases, cellulitis may occur around the eye. If this happens, a person should expect limited vision due to swelling around the eye. In these cases, it is vital that the cellulitis is treated immediately to prevent permanent damage to the eye.
Generally, cellulitis is considered a minor bacterial infection. However, it can be much more serious in children because their immune systems are not normally as strong as adults. Regardless, cellulitis is an infection so it needs to be treated in a swift manner.
The most common cellulitis treatment is an oral antibiotic medication. Common oral antibiotics include penicillin, cephalexin, or cefaclor. If you are allergic to penicillin, an alternate antibiotic will be administered.
Topical antibiotics can also be prescribed to treat cellulitis. Generally topic medications are given in very minor cases of cellulitis. They can also be administered if the oral medications prove to be ineffective.
For people with a weaker immune system, antibiotics will be administered intravenously. Intravenous antibiotics are also given if the cellulitis is spreading uncontrollably or if you have specific health conditions such as diabetes.
Cellulitis is actually fairly common and is extremely treatable. If you believe you have cellulitis, you should speak to your doctor of physician. He or she can develop a plan to treat your cellulitis and prevent it from further spreading to other parts of your body. The faster you speak to your doctor, the less severe your cellulitis will become – so do not hesitate to call him or her.
You can also reduce the risk of cellulitis from reoccurring by practicing proper skin hygiene and paying attention to your skin health. Likewise, if you have a history of many fungal infections, an antifungal medicine may help prevent future outbreaks of cellulitis.