Cellulitis is an infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissues that usually occurs when bacteria enter the body mostly through a break in our largest organ – human skin. On the other hand MRSA “Superbug” is a type of Staphylococcus bacteria (Staph) who develop immunity to beta-lactam antibiotics, like the penicillins (methicillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin and nafcillin) and cephalosporins.
The appearance of cellulitis is a normal response of our organic structure to this type of infection. Except usual minor skin breaks (cuts, bruises, burns) insect bites transmitting particular bacteria types are also very often the cause of cellulitis. Swollen or dry, flaky skin is a potential point of entrance for bacteria.
Normally, in this case the human immune system answers to bacteria and other pathogens that get into the bloodstream. MRSA (also known as “Superbug“) is a type of Staph bacteria that gets straight into the bloodstream and on its way spreads to the entire organic structure. Generally, inflammation with redness on the skin surface is cellulitis, and it is the result of an attack to the patient’s immune system. This type of skin infection can take place anywhere on the body, but it is mostly found on the patient’s extremities (legs, arms) and on the face. Facial cellulitis requires fast medical attention because of its possibility to infect eyes or cause meningitis. This type of infection generally occurs as red, warm, swollen and painful area on the skin and can also cause chills, fever and swollen glands as it spreads.
Cellulitis risk groups include people with weak immune system, diabetes, fungal infection, psoriasis and eczema.
Main Difference Between Cellulitis and MRSA
Streptococcus pyogenes (Strep) and Staphylococcus aureus (Staph) are two most common types of bacteria that cause this type of disease. In other cases, Gram-negative organisms, fungi or anaerobes may cause this infection. The main difference between MRSA and cellulitis is that cellulitis can be induced by several types of bacteria.
MRSA Cellulitis is type of cellulitis subcutaneous tissue infection caused by MRSA bacteria.
MRSA is staph bacteria that has developed an antibiotic resistance to various types of antibiotics (beta-lactam) . Potential risk of more severe MRSA superbug infection is unfortunately increasing. CA-MRSA (community acquired type of MRSA) causes the recurrence of abscesses and cellulitis. There is an epidemiological relation to production of the Panton-Valentine leukocidin, which inhibits the function of monocytes and neutrophils. Superbug which produces this toxin has been discovered in community outbreaks of abscesses and cellulitis.
What Is MRSA Cellulitis Condition?
Getting cellulitis from MRSA is not unusual and its stage of seriousness depends on the patient’s general health. People who are in long term health care situations have a very high chance of getting MRSA cellulitis, particularly after surgeries, invasive procedures or, of course, the existence of open wounds. Also, there is a higher chance that they will be close to other patients who could be possible carriers and hospital staff who treat them. MRSA superbug sometimes causes infection with fatal consequences. This type of infection is primarily concerned for people who are hospitalized or work in medical facilities (hospitals, nursing homes and crowded settings). As we previously said, infections caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus include cellulitis, carbuncles, boils, impetigo and folliculitis.
MRSA Cellulitis Treatment and Prevention Tips
MRSA Cellulitis treatment usually includes oral, topical and intravenous (IV) antibiotics depend on the severity of infections. Sometimes also hospitalization is needed. Prevention tips include cleaning wounds regularly and wrapping with new patches. Practicing good hygiene and keep hand sanitizer, disinfecting wipes are helpful for hands and also avoiding to share personal items with others in medical facility will help.